Monthly Archives:   August 2014

Coming to Trondheim for my PhD
        
28
  28 August, 2014
        


nikola-phd-blog

Hi,
My name is Nikola and I am a new PhD candidate at NTNU. I am from Kikinda, a small town in Serbia and I finished my bachelor and master studies at the University of Novi Sad, also in Serbia. I heard about Trondheim from my friends who have already been here and they shared their experiences with me. I was looking for an interesting PhD position on a project that would be relevant for me, and when I found one, I contacted the Professor who is the head of the project. I was really happy to receive the news that I had been the chosen one. I was also lucky with accommodation, because it can be a problem sometimes. I was able to take over my friend’s apartment.

I arrived in Trondheim on the 11th of August. My first impression was that Trondheim is a really nice city with beautiful nature, fresh air, also with good weather, but it was only the first few days. Now, I can see that it is usually rainy, but I will settle with any weather. Everything else seems nice. People are kind and they always seem to have time for you. Food is good, and I prefer fish. I am really happy because of everything here.

It was a great pleasure to meet my colleagues. I share the office with two more PhD candidates, Susanne and Espen. Including me, several PhD students started at the same time. My supervisor is Mari-Ann Einarsrud and I have great collaboration with her. We start the day around 8 am and finish around 4 pm. Currently, I am reading literature most of the day and preparing myself for a good scientific start.

I have to take an HSE preparation course before I can use the labs. During September I think I can start with my lab experiments and I am looking forward to that.

I will write some more about my PhD and life in Trondheim in my next blog post.

Best regards,

Nikola

 

Competing in Synthetic biology
        
26
  26 August, 2014
        


ntnu-igem

Figure 1. The iGEM official logo decorated with the NTNU colours and logo.

Written by the NTNU iGEM team together with Rahmi Lale.

Synthetic biology is an interdisciplinary field with the aim of modifying and/or engineering organisms to perform specific functions (e.g. synthesis of desired compounds). The fulfilment of these aims is based on altering the genetic structure of the organism, which governs its internal processes. A computer-based example of synthetic biology would be to fuse the iGEM official logo with the NTNU colours and logo (figure 1).

International competitions for scientists
The iGEM (international genetically engineered machine) foundation is a non-profit organization that promotes the advancement of research and development of synthetic biology. This is achieved by hosting international competitions for scientific teams on both graduate and undergraduate levels. The competition is within the field of synthetic biology, with the aim of cultivating scientific innovation and creativity through collaboration. The iGEM competition began in 2003 at MIT in Boston (USA), and started out as a course given during an Independent Activities period. In the years following, it expanded to become an international competition, with participating teams from more than 35 countries from all continents.

NTNU has participated in iGEM for four consecutive years and has previously been the sole participating team from Norway. To our great joy, this year the University of Oslo has also registered for the competition, reflecting the increasing awareness of and interest in iGEM in Norway. The iGEM competition is rapidly evolving, and high school teams may participate in a High School iGEM. In a hope that Norwegian high school teams will appear in the near future, we have participated in activities and conversation at events such as “Open day” (picture 2) and “Researcher’s night”.

Picture 2. Right picture: “Open day”-stand of the NTNU iGEM team with activities such as pipetting loading dye onto an agarose gel. From the left: Eivind Bøe Drejer and Silje Maurset. Left picture: We had prepared agar plated with various creative images of red, white and blue bacteria at the stand.

Picture 2. Right picture: “Open day”-stand of the NTNU iGEM team with activities such as pipetting loading dye onto an agarose gel. From the left: Eivind Bøe Drejer and Silje Maurset. Left picture: We had prepared agar plated with various creative images of red, white and blue bacteria at the stand.

 

iGEM directly to the world final
Normally, teams are selectively filtered through regional competitions, and only the elite teams meet for the world final in Boston; however, this year iGEM celebrates its 10th anniversary, and the regional competitions are abolished. Instead, every registered team proceeds directly to a giant jamboree (world final) in Boston (USA) in October-November. This year 246 teams will participate. Every team must present their project through a poster and an oral presentation, and due to the amount of participating teams the giant jamboree lasts for five consecutive days. Even though the competition is months away, we can feel a strong spark of excitement whenever thinking about the reward of meeting likeminded scientists with a wide variety of views and ideas. The Jamboree is also open to non-participating individuals for a fee.

NTNU iGEM in social media
We hope that people reading this would like to follow us at Twitter “@NTNUiGEM” and Facebook “NTNU iGEM”, and make sure to check out our wiki web site. Note that this site is under construction, but since we have computationally competent people working on it, it should start looking decent pretty soon. Please don’t hesitate to contact us if you have any questions. We will be happy to answer almost anything on our Facebook page or through our Twitter account. Hope to hear from you!

In our next blog post, we will provide more information about our team and research.

 

“When I grow up, I want to …”
        
8
  8 August, 2014
        


grow-up-forskerfabrikken

If you ask a child “What do you want to do be when you grow up?”, I’m willing to place a fairly generous sum of money on that “Professor” will not be one of the most common answers you’ll get. After all, it is difficult to compete with cool things like astronauts, princesses, and firemen.

Apen-Dag-Sitron

 

But somewhere along the road perspectives change, and perhaps you are one of those that are currently pondering whether or not you should pursue an academic career after completing your Masters- or PhD- degree. What can you expect when taking this road? And how do you make an academic career, anyway?

A fork in the road
Our journey begins at the crossroad encountered at the end of your Masters degree. What now – do you apply for a PhD position or do you go for an industrial job, whether it is in the context of cellphones, oil, or IT-development? A PhD position normally has a duration of 3-4 years in Norway and thus landing a permanent job in a company like Statoil undeniably is more of a safe bet. Moreover, you’ll likely get paid more money there.

Biology-lab_Foto_Per-Harald_Olsen

 

A unique opportunity
Then why choose a PhD degree? I’ll tell you one thing – if I could make the choice again, I still wouldn’t have taken an industrial job even if it paid twice as much as a PhD position. Heck, I wouldn’t have taken it if it paid three times as … weeell, maybe I shouldn’t be too hasty …

The point is that obtaining your PhD degree is a completely unique process and cannot be compared to most of other jobs that may be relevant for you after having obtained your Masters-degree. Think about it – as a PhD candidate, you will get paid to have the freedom and time to utterly absorb yourself in a topic that fascinates you and learn all there is to know about it. The result? You will become an expert on a national, and possibly international (depending on how well you do), level in your field of research. Doing scientific research is like opening the pages of a book that has never been read before – you are discovering new things and, importantly, get the exciting privilege of sharing these news with the rest of the world. Yes – the rest of the world – your scientific publications will be read by hundreds of other researchers, young and old, all across this globe.

It is important to underline that after you have obtained a PhD degree, you’re still highly attractive on the industrial job market – and probably even more so compared to if you “only” had your Masters-degree. Holding a PhD degree certainly doesn’t hurt your chances of landing a permanent position outside of the academic environment.

CO2_Solrun-Johanne-Vevelstad_Foto_Per_Henning100% of your time on your research
But what if your thirst for knowledge does not end after your PhD degree – what if the answer to the question “What do you want to be when you grow up?” actually is starting to look alarmingly much like “Professor”? The next step in your pursuit of an academic career would be to enter a so-called postdoctoral (postdoc for short) position. At this point, you will be able to work much more independently as a researcher than you were able to do at the beginning of your PhD studies and it is likely that you will produce some of your finest research work during this stage of your career. You will not have any mandatory courses to attend or lectures to give – you can devote 100% of your focus to research. Trust me, this is something you will miss later on when administrative duties as a lecturer or professor become more time-consuming, leaving less opportunity for sitting down on your own and being creative. Don’t worry, there are up-sides as well later on and I’ll get back to those.

The postdoc stage is quite critical in your career. It’s basically do-or-die: now is the time to show that you have what it takes in terms of being able to come up with new ideas and produce interesting and relevant research, ultimately proving that you are worthy of a permanent position at the university. It is also a stage which seems to scare many graduated PhD candidates – in my experience, very few of the young men and women that obtain their PhD degrees at the Department of Physics where I belong choose to continue down the academic track. There are probably a few reasons for this. One is that postdoc positions are typically short, temporary positions ranging from 1-3 years in duration. That doesn’t offer much stability, which may be an important factor for you if you have or are about to establish a family. Moreover, it is strongly encouraged to do your postdoctoral work somewhere else than you did your PhD work, simply because you get exposed to different research environments and get to acquire new expertise. This can pose a practical obstacle. However, that does not mean that it is impossible to make it if you stay at the same institute as a postdoc due to e.g. family reasons, which I personally did. With that said, given that you have the opportunity to do so, I would encourage you to go abroad – meet new people, see new places, and learn new things that will allow you to develop faster scientifically than if you stayed at your alma mater.

Apen-Dag-Forelesning

 

A versatile job
If you work hard in a persistent manner, you will obtain qualifications that allow you to apply for a permanent position at a university: associate professor (førsteamanuensis) or professor. I’m not going to tell you that it is easy to get such a job – but I will tell you that it is worth all the blood and sweat that you need to put into getting it. One thing to note straight away is that it is a really diverse job, in contrast to what many seem to think – you get to teach, do research, supervise younger promising researchers, lead large international projects, and be a spokesperson for your particular field of research and science in general (for instance by writing blog-entries like this). It tests you in many ways, both intellectually and on a personal level – you shouldn’t think of professors as solemn, gray figures sitting in their offices and only peeking out once in a while – it is a truly dynamical profession which requires a lot of interaction with both colleagues and students. To witness your PhD candidate develop from a rookie learning the ropes during his or her first fumbling year into a solid researcher that will turn the tables around and starting teaching you things in the final year is an incredible experience.

Obviously, I cannot hope to encompass all aspects of the academic path in this blog-entry, but perhaps you have a better idea of what to expect if you should choose to pursue this career. It’s not an easy road – but hey, it usually isn’t if something is worthwhile.